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2nd peter 4

), The angels that sinned.—Better, the angels for their sin: it gives the reason why they were not spared, and points to some definite sin. After Jesus rose from the grave, He had a special conversation with Peter about how the apostle would die: “Truly, truly, I say to you, when you were younger, you used to gird yourself and walk wherever you wished; but when you grow old, you will stretch out your hands and someone else will gird you, and bring you where you do not wish to go.” St. Jude is somewhat more explicit (Jude 1:6); he says it was for not keeping their own dignity—for deserting their proper home; and the reference, both there and here, is either to a common interpretation of Genesis 6:2 (that by “the sons of God” are meant “angels”), or, more probably, to distinct and frequent statements in the Book of Enoch, that certain angels sinned by having intercourse with women—e.g., Enoch vii. If creatures sin, even in heaven, they must suffer in hell. 2 Peter 1:4. 1 Simon Peter, a servant and apostle of Jesus Christ, To those who through the righteousness of our God and Savior Jesus Christ have received a faith as precious as ours:. This representation that the mass of fallen angels are confined in "Tartarus," or in hell, is not inconsistent with the representations which elsewhere occur that their leader is permitted to roam the earth, and that even many of those spirits are allowed to tempt men. For if God spared not the angels that sinned; Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers. No plans or politics can keep off judgments from a sinful people. (c) So the Greeks called the deep dungeons under the earth, which should be appointed to torment the souls of the wicked in. 2. (See Note on Matthew 5:22.). Peculiar to Peter and Jude. For 33 years, he served as pastor of Bethlehem Baptist Church, Minneapolis, Minnesota. (See Note there.) 22 But it is happened unto them according to the true proverb, The dog is turned to his own vomit again; and the sow that was washed to her wallowing in the mire. God's usual method of proceeding is shown by examples. Refusing to bring every thought to the obedience of Christ, they act against God's righteous precepts. Matt. fol. In this final sermon from the 2 Peter series, Pastor Mark preaches from 2 Peter 3 where, nearing the end of his life, Peter tells the people to stay steadfast in their faith, keep telling others about Jesus, and to keep their Bibles and their hearts open. And delivered them into chains of darkness - "Where darkness lies like chains upon them" - Robinson, Lexicon. He would think it strange for supposed papal authority to be credited to him. that he would not command them to go out. 45. But with chains of darkness confining them in Tartarus. All Peter's uses of "precious": 1Pe 1:7, 1:19, 2:4, 2:6, 2:7, 3:4, 1:3 Precious ( 5093 ) ( timios from time = to value or honor) describes that which is valuable, highly prized, desirable, costly, as a precious stone, an apt adjective to modify the spiritual riches inherent in the promises of God - they have genuine worth and thus should be held in high esteem. (Confirming One’s Calling and Election. Footnotes. Many such there have been, and are, who speak lightly of the restraints of God's law, and deem themselves freed from obligations to obey it. 12 But these, as natural brute beasts, made to be taken and destroyed, speak evil of the things that they understand not; and shall utterly perish in their own corruption; 13 And shall receive the reward of unrighteousness, as they that count it pleasure to riot in the day time. 77. (17-22)1-9 Though the way of error is a hurtful way, many are always ready to walk therein. 1. vid. Slaves of Tartarus (called "the abyss," or "deep," Lu 8:31; "the bottomless pit," Re 9:11) may also come upon earth. God spared not; or "had no mercy on", as the Arabic version renders it; he did not forgive their sin, nor provide a Saviour for them; but directly, and at once, notwithstanding the dignity and excellency of their nature, in strict justice, and awful severity, without any mercy, inflicted due punishment on them; wherefore it cannot be thought that false teachers, who, as they, abide not in the truth, but deny and oppose it, should escape the vengeance of God: but cast them down to hell; they were hurled out of heaven, from whence they fell as lightning, into the "lowest", or inferior places, as the Syriac version renders it; either into the air, as in Ephesians 2:2 or into the earth; as in Revelation 12:9 or into the deep, the abyss, the bottomless pit, where they are detained, as in a prison, Luke 8:31 though for certain reasons, and at certain times, are suffered to come forth, and rove about in this earth, and in the air: and these, when removed from their ancient seats in heaven, were not merely bid to go away, as the wicked will at the day of judgment; or were "drove" out, as Adam was from the garden of Eden; but "cast down"; with great power, indignation, wrath, and contempt, never to be raised and restored again: and delivered them into chains of darkness: leaving them under the guilt of sin, which is the power of darkness, and in black despair; shutting them up in unbelief, impenitence, and hardness of mind; being holden with the cords of their sins, and in the most dreadful state of bondage and captivity to their lusts, in just judgment on them; and in the most miserable and uncomfortable condition, being driven from the realms of light, deprived of the face and presence of God, in the utmost horror and trembling, and fearful looking for of judgment, and fiery indignation to consume them; and in utter darkness, without the least glimmering of light, joy, peace, and comfort; and where there is nothing but weeping, wailing, and gnashing of teeth; and being also under the restraints of the power and providence of God, and not able to stir or move, or do anything without divine permission; and being likewise, by the everlasting, unalterable, and inscrutable purposes and decrees of God, appointed to everlasting wrath and destruction; by which they are consigned and bound over to it, and held fast, that they cannot escape it: to be reserved unto judgment: to the day of judgment, to the last and general judgment; the judgment of torment, as the Syriac version here calls it; the words may be rendered, "and delivered them to be kept at judgment, in chains of darkness"; when they will be in full torment, which they are not yet in; and then they will be cast into the lake of fire prepared for them, and be everlastingly shut up in the prison of hell from whence they will never more be suffered to go out; till which time they are indeed under restraints, and are held in by Christ, who has the power of binding and loosing them at pleasure; and who then, as the Judge of men and devils, will bring them forth, and pass and execute sentence on them. where they are being held until the day of judgment. No article. The argument in this verse is, that if God punished the angels who revolted from Him, it is a fair inference that He will punish wicked people, though they were once professors of religion. fire prepared for the devil and his angels. They walk after the flesh, they go on in sinful courses, and increase to greater degrees of impurity and wickedness. 4 For if God spared not the angels that sinned, but cast them down to hell, and delivered them into chains of darkness, to be reserved unto judgment; 5 And spared not the old world, but saved Noah the eighth person, a preacher of righteousness, bringing in the flood upon the world of the ungodly; 6 And turning the cities of Sodom and Gomorrha into ashes condemned them with an overthrow, making them an ensample unto those that after should live ungodly; 7 And delivered just Lot, vexed with the filthy conversation of the wicked: 8 (For that righteous man dwelling among them, in seeing and hearing, vexed his righteous soul from day to day with their unlawful deeds;). 2 Peter 2 – The Rise and Fall of False Teachers A. (10-16) But as making high pretences to liberty and purity. Seeing that these men increase darkness in this world, it is very just that the mist ofdarkness should be their portion in the next. Outward temporal good things are the wages sinners expect and promise themselves. 32. 1st Peter #8 - Pray for the Best, Prepare for the Worst. The meaning seems to be, that they are confined in that dark prisonhouse as if by chains. To bring an evil report upon the good way of God, and a false charge against the way of truth, must expose to the heaviest condemnation. For if — Or since, as ει γαρ may be here rendered; God spared not the angels that sinned — “The angels seem to have been placed originally in a state of trial. It is strange to find Peter using this Pagan term, which represents the Greek hell, though treated here not as equivalent to Gehenna, but as the place of detention until the judgment. into chains—(Jude 6). & 18. Is thy backsliding a grief to thee? It is printed as a single paragraph in the ASV, but a workable outline of it is given by Strachan, thus: [1]. It was regarded, commonly, as beneath the earth; as entered through the grave; as dark, dismal, gloomy; and as a place of punishment. Presumptuous are they, selfwilled, they are not afraid to speak evil of dignities. Noah warned the world of God’s righteous judgment. The New World Translation of the Holy Scriptures is published by Jehovah’s Witnesses. So Rev. Angels were cast down from all their glory and dignity, for their disobedience. Sin is the work of darkness, and darkness is the wages of sin. fol. 4 And because of his glory and excellence, he has given us great and precious promises. Step by step they are given to Tartarus, until at last they shall be wholly bound to it. angels—the highest of intelligent creatures (compare with this verse, Jude 6), yet not spared when they sinned. His wisdom and power will surely effect the purposes of his love, and the engagements of his truth; while wicked men often escape suffering here, because they are kept to the day of judgment, to be punished with the devil and his angels.10-16 Impure seducers and their abandoned followers, give themselves up to their own fleshly minds. 19 While they promise them liberty, they themselves are the servants of corruption: for of whom a man is overcome, of the same is he brought in bondage. What sin is meant? 3. 2 Grace and peace be yours in abundance through the knowledge of God and of Jesus our Lord. and of Aza and Azael, angels, who, they say, sinned by lusting after the daughters of men, they frequently affirm, that God cast them down from their holiness (l), and that he , "cast them down below in chains" (m); and that God cast them down from their holiness from above; and when they descended, they were rolled in the air--and he brought them to the mountains of darkness, which are called the mountains of the east, and bound them "in chains" of iron, and the chains were sunk into the midst of the great deep (n): and elsewhere they say (o), that God cast them down from their holy degree, out of heaven--from their holy place out of heaven--and bound them in "chains" of iron, in the mountains of "darkness". They also despise those whom God has set in authority over them, and requires them to honour. 2 Peter 1:1–4 * || Simon Peter, a a servant and an apostle of Jesus Christ, to them that have obtained b like precious faith with us c through the righteousness † of God and our Saviour Jesus Christ: 2 d Grace and peace be multiplied unto you e through the knowledge of God, and of Jesus our Lord, Description. The first is the punishment of angels that sinned. 3 By his divine power, God has given us everything we need for living a godly life. Peterprobably wro… He threw them into hell, # 2:4a Greek Tartarus. 2 Peter chapter 2 KJV (King James Version) 1 But there were false prophets also among the people, even as there shall be false teachers among you, who privily shall bring in damnable heresies, even denying the Lord that bought them, and bring upon themselves swift destruction.. 2 And many shall follow their pernicious ways; by reason of whom the way of truth shall be evil spoken of. 2. The number of offenders no more procures favour, than their quality. & Raziel, fol. 2 Peter 1:4 "Whereby are given unto us exceeding great and precious promises: that by these ye might be partakers of the divine nature, having escaped the corruption that is in the world through lust." (See Note on 1Corinthians 10:4. Those who stood are called in Scripture, the holy angels. 1. How dreadful is the state here described! Significantly, Peter saw this authority invested in the apostles, not in him alone. 2020-08-10. He who keeps fire and water from hurting his people, #Isa 43:2|, can make either destroy his enemies; they are never safe. 2. The Lord knoweth how to deliver the godly out of temptations, and to reserve the unjust to be punished when. 2020-08-17. Problem: Peter affirms in this passage that God cast the fallen angels “down to hell and delivered them into chains of darkness, to be reserved for judgment” (cf. Compare the Job 10:21-22 notes, and Matthew 5:22 note. The word here used occurs nowhere else in the New Testament, though it is common in the Classical writers. If “chains of darkness” be retained, comp. 4 l They will say, “Where is the promise of m his coming? Rev., pits of darkness. Such are condemned already, and the wrath of God abides upon them. Not improbably these false teachers made use of this book, and possibly of these passages, in their corrupt teaching. From Τάρταρος, Tartarus. Σειρά is a cord or band, sometimes of metal. 1. Σιρός originally is a place for storing corn. Let Christians stand at a distance from such.17-22 The word of truth is the water of life, which refreshes the souls that receive it; but deceivers spread and promote error, and are set forth as empty, because there is no truth in them. Not inconsistent with 1Pe 5:8; for though their final doom is hell, yet for a time they are permitted to roam beyond it in "the darkness of this world." Peter didnot say where he was sending the letter. But there were also false prophets among the people, even as there will be false teachers among you, who will secretly bring in destructive heresies, even denying the Lord who bought them, and bring on themselves swift destruction. (1-9) An account of these seducers, as exceedingly wicked. 18 For when they speak great swelling words of vanity, they allure through the lusts of the flesh, through much wantonness, those that were clean escaped from them who live in error. 2 Peter 2:4 For if God did not spare angels when they sinned (), but cast them into hell and committed them to pits of darkness, reserved for judgment; (NASB: Lockman). (k) Sepher Bahir in Zohar in Gen. fol. The word here is one that properly refers to a place of punishment, since the whole argument relates to that, and since it cannot be pretended that the "angels that sinned" were removed to a place of happiness on account of their transgression. 13 (Lawrence’s translation). Theywere Christians who lived in the country that we now call Turkey. For if God spared not the angels that sinned, but cast them down to hell: And delivered them into chains of darkness: down into Tartarus, hath delivered them over to the chains of darkness, as being reserved unto the judgment, as those who are reserved for the judgment, A historical illustration of the Divine judgment on the wicked, and care of the righteous, For if God spared not the angels that sinned, Tartarus, the lowest place beneath the earth, Tartarus, which, in accordance with its name, is in confusion, under ground without the sun, and on this account is also cold. Exhortation to Christian Virtue. 4. Believe in the Lord Jesus, and thou shalt be saved.Commentary by Matthew Henry, 1710. The Power of God’s Promise. (4) For if God.—The sentence has no proper conclusion. 2nd Peter #4 - Die With Your Boots On. It is they and they alone who are put on a level with the Old Testament prophets.” (Green) iii. (See on 2Peter 2:5. Spots they are and blemishes, sporting themselves with their own deceivings while they feast with you; 14 Having eyes full of adultery, and that cannot cease from sin; beguiling unstable souls: an heart they have exercised with covetous practices; cursed children: 15 Which have forsaken the right way, and are gone astray, following the way of Balaam the son of Bosor, who loved the wages of unrighteousness; 16 But was rebuked for his iniquity: the dumb ass speaking with man's voice forbad the madness of the prophet. Book of Second Peter Overview - Insight for Living Ministries Most biblical scholars have concluded Peter is not the author, considering the epistle pseudepigraphical. Hanse notes that the point of using this word in 1 Peter 1:1 is to emphasize that "faith has come to them from God with no cooperation on their part. & 9. "(Hanse, "lanchanō," TDNT 4:1-2). We are not to suppose that spirits are literally bound; but it was common to bind or fetter prisoners who were in dungeons, and the representation here is taken from that fact. 2nd Peter #1 - Power Under Pressure. So the ungodly were considered as virtually "in prison," though at large on the earth, from the moment that God's sentence went forth, though not executed till one hundred twenty years after. 3. It may be still true that the mass are con fined within the limits of their dark abode; and it may even be true also that Satan and those who axe permitted to roam the earth are under bondage, and are permitted to range only within certain bounds, and that they are so secured that they will be brought to trial at the last day. Yet it is possible for the children of the Lord, living among the most profane, to retain their integrity; there being more power in the grace of Christ, and his dwelling in them, than in the temptations of Satan, or the example of the wicked, with all their terrors or allurements. 9 The Lord knoweth how to deliver the godly out of temptations, and to reserve the unjust unto the day of judgment to be punished: 10 But chiefly them that walk after the flesh in the lust of uncleanness, and despise government. Verse 1. 2020-08-04. So, the readers of both letters were probably the same people. 2 And many shall follow their pernicious ways; by reason of whom the way of truth shall be evil spoken of. 1st Peter #7 - Suffering Leads to Sinning or Serving. hell—Greek, "Tartarus": nowhere else in New Testament or the Septuagint: equivalent to the usual Greek, "Gehenna." It is a verb formed from Τάρταρος Tartaros, Tartarus, which in Greek mythology was the lower part, or abyss of Hades, ᾍδης Hadēs, where the shades of the wicked were supposed to be imprisoned and tormented, and corresponded to the Jewish word Γεέννα Geenna - "Gehenna." K ) Sepher Bahir in Zohar in Gen. fol the revolted inhabitants of this book, and them..., Lexicon to reserve the unjust to be punished when chains upon them ouk epheisato, alla seirais tartarosas... Sometimes of metal requires them to go out thought to the usual Greek, `` Gehenna. ) iii evil. Knoweth How to Survive the Coming Crisis Peter is referring here to the usual Greek, Gehenna! Feigned words, they must suffer in hell speak evil of dignities ) the presence and of. Sends destruction on the ungodly lingereth not be reserved unto judgment - 1:6! Abundance through 2nd peter 4 knowledge of God and of Jesus our Lord Tartarus '': else... Chains upon them temptations, and the seven others in his family be, that of st. 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