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who was ratna

This claim is not completely true as the then President of India, Rajendra Prasad confessed to have decided to confer this award on Nehru suo motu. [49][50], Though, as per the statutes for the Bharat Ratna, the recommendations for the award can only be made by the Prime Minister to the President,[4] there have been several demands from various political parties to honour their leaders. There is no monetary grant associated with the award. The award was proposed by Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee to President K. R. Narayanan who agreed to the proposal. B. R. Ambedkar died on 6 December 1956, at the age of 65. Both petitioners questioned the civilian awards being "Titles" per an interpretation of Article 18 (1) of the Constitution. There is no formal provision that recipients of the Bharat Ratna should be Indian citizens. [12][13] The suspension was rescinded on 25 January 1980, after Indira Gandhi became the Prime Minister. She was a beautiful girl of eleven. Bharat Ratna recipients rank seventh in the Indian order of precedence. She was from a big town, knew how to play the veena and the harmonium, and had a sweet voice. Deshmukh died on 27 February 2010, at the age of 93. sfn error: no target: CITEREFThakur2010 (, Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences, Knight Commander of the Order of the Indian Empire, Shreemati Nathibai Damodar Thackersey Women's University, History of Dharmaśāstra: Ancient and Medieval Religious and Civil Law in India, Integrated Guided Missile Development Program, Indian National Committee for Space Research, Defence Research and Development Laboratory, Defence Research and Development Organisation, International Maize and Wheat Research Institute, "Atal Behari Vajpayee: India honours former PM with Bharat Ratna", "The Gazette of India—Extraordinary—Part 1.last=Lal", "The Gazette of India—Extraordinary—Part I", "Govt changes criteria for Bharat Ratna; now open for all", "List of recipients of Bharat Ratna (1954–2015)", "Balaji Raghavan S. P. Anand Vs. Union of India: Transfer Case (civil) 9 of 1994", "Balaji Raghavan/S.P.Anand vs Union Of India on 15 December, 1995", "Crafting Bharat Ratna, Padma Medals at Kolkata Mint", "Sachin's Bharat Ratna today a medal from 2000", "PIL against Bharat Ratna to CNR Rao dismissed, petitioners warned", "RTI activist moves EC against Sachin Tendulkar getting Bharat Ratna", "Case filed against Bharat Ratna award to Tendulkar", "Bharat Ratna controversy: Cases filed against Manmohan, Sushil Kumar Shinde, Sachin Tendulkar", https://thewire.in/history/bharat-ratna-jawaharlal-nehru, https://www.thequint.com/news/webqoof/nehru-indira-gandhi-confer-bharat-ratna-smriti-irani-claim-fact-check, https://economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/politics-and-nation/delhi-assembly-passes-resolution-demanding-rajiv-gandhis-bharat-ratna-be-withdrawn/articleshow/67197153.cms, "Union of India Vs. Bijan Ghosh and ORS: Special Leave Petition (civil) 628 of 1994", "SC cancels note on Bharat Ratna for Subhash Bose", "Govt didn't violate model code in naming Sachin for Bharat Ratna: EC", "Court reserves order on Sachin Tendulkar's Bharat Ratna", "Madras HC dismisses PIL against Sachin Tendulkar getting Bharat Ratna", "HC dismisses PIL challenging Bharat Ratna to Sachin, Rao", "It's time to junk the sullied Padma awards", "An Honourable Judgement: A Supreme Court ruling aims to restore the sanctity of the nation's highest awards", "Bharat Ratna for Vajpayee, Malaviya: Govt needs to stop politicising the reward", "Let us not degrade country's highest civilian honour Bharat Ratna", "Mr Modi, why not a Bharat Ratna for the Mahatma? [31], On 4 August 1997, the Supreme Court delivered an order that since the award had not been officially conferred, it cannot be revoked and declared that the press communiqué be treated as cancelled. He established the Widow Marriage Association (1883), Hindu Widows Home (1896), and started. Disambiguation page providing links to topics that could be referred to by the same search term, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ratna&oldid=934010940, Disambiguation pages with given-name-holder lists, Disambiguation pages with short descriptions, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, The 14 ratnas that emerged from the sea of milk during the, This page was last edited on 4 January 2020, at 06:35. [58] Bindra had earlier been recommended for the award in May 2013 by the National Rifle Association of India. The Narrator stages the entire union of Ranga and Ratna, Rama Rao’s eleven year old niece. [35], In 1988, then Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi (1984–89) conferred the Bharat Ratna posthumously on movie actor and former Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu, M. G. Ramachandran, in a bid to influence voters prior to the Tamil Nadu assembly elections in 1989. Rupa Publications. [11] The awards were reintroduced by the Supreme Court in December 1995, following the conclusion of the litigation. [13][24][25][26][27], Jawaharlal Nehru has been targeted of awarding Bharat Ratna to himself while serving as Prime Minister of India in 1955. Ratna belongs to a big town and is an expert in playing musical instruments like veena and harmonium. For UPSC 2021 Preparation, follow BYJU'S Furthermore, the then presidents, Ramaswamy Venkataraman (1987–92) and Shankar Dayal Sharma (1992–97), had not conferred a Sanad (certificate) with their signature and seal. The award is named after Rajiv Gandhi, former Prime Minister of India who served the office from 1984 to 1989. Satyajit Ray received an Academy Honorary Award in 1992 followed by the Bharat Ratna the same year. [b] On 25 August 1992, the Madhya Pradesh High Court issued a notice temporarily suspending all civilian awards. It is also a popular female Hindu name. The Bharat Ratna (Hindi pronunciation: [bʰaːɾət̪ rət̪nə]; Jewel of India) is the highest civilian award of the Republic of India. She also had a sweet voice. [27][c], On 4 December 2013, the Election Commission rejected the petition stating that conferring the award on people from non-polling states did not amount to a violation of the code. rana; Further reading “ratna” in Kamus Besar Bahasa Indonesia (KBBI) Daring, Jakarta: Badan Pengembangan dan Pembinaan Bahasa, Kementerian Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan Republik Indonesia, 2016. The court declined to pass any judgement on the posthumous mention of Bose and his death. [7][61], A PIL was filed in the Karnataka High Court where in the petitioner requested the court to issue a direction to the Ministry of Home Affairs to consider their representation dated 26 October 2012 and confer the Bharat Ratna upon Mahatma Gandhi. [2][3], The original 1954 specifications of the award was a circle made of gold 1 3⁄8 inches (35 mm) in diameter with a centred sun burst design on the obverse side. [10], The award was briefly suspended twice in its history. The recipient receives a Sanad (certificate) signed by the President and a medallion without any monetary grant. Wing Commander (2008). ‘She’ here stands for Ratna, the niece of Rama Rao. The text "Bharat Ratna", in Devanagari Script, is inscribed on the upper edge in silver gilt with a wreath set along on the lower edge. [56], Per the original statutes, sportspersons were not eligible for the Bharat Ratna; however, a revision of the rules in December 2011 made eligible "any field of human endeavour". Ratna belongs to a big town and is an expert in playing musical instruments like veena and harmonium. ", "Freedom of Expression: Indians are Becoming Increasingly Intolerant", "Uneasy lies crown that awaits Ratna—Advani proposes Vajpayee's name, method and timing fuel murmurs", "Premiers/Chief Ministers of West Bengal", "Jyoti Basu can be given Bharat Ratna: CPI (M)", "Shiv Sena starts drive to collect 10 lakh signatures to get Bharat Ratna for Vinayak Damodar Savarkar", "Shiv Sena demands Bharat Ratna for Veer Savarkar", "Savarkar doesn't need an award for recognition, says grand-nephew", "Fans hold rally demanding Bharat Ratna for Dhyan Chand", "Dhyan Chand, not Sachin Tendulkar, is Sports Ministry's choice for Bharat Ratna", "National Rifle Association of India recommends Abhinav Bindra for Bharat Ratna", "Sports ministry recommended Dhyan Chand for Bharat Ratna", "I have no hope of Bharat Ratna for Dhyan Chand now: Ashok Kumar", "Dhyan Chand deserved Bharat Ratna more than Sachin", "Bharat Ratna: If Sachin Tendulkar deserves it then why not Dhyan Chand? [38] While Ravi Shankar was accused of lobbying for the award,[39] the decision by Indira Gandhi to posthumously honour K. Kamaraj was considered to have been aimed at placating Tamil voters for the Tamil Nadu assembly elections in 1977. [44], A few of the conferments have been criticised for honouring personalities only after they received global recognition. It is the highest civilian award of India that recognises the exceptional service of the highest order. [23], The Bharat Ratna has been surrounded by several controversies and multiple Public-Interest Litigations (PILs) had been filed against the conferral of the award. The party recently proposed Veer Savarkar's name for Bharat Ratna. [31][32], To deliver the judgement, the Supreme Court formed a Special Division Bench with Judge Sujata V. Manohar and G. B. Pattanaik. Bashing or misinforming about people from past blindly make only us blind. [34] Other High Courts as well rejected the petitions raised against Rao and Tendulkar. [62][63], The Bharat Ratna ceremony is usually held at. For veteran actor Ratna Pathak Shah, who features in Nitya Mehra's Chaand Mubarak, working amid the current scenario was a learning experience. That is … Bose's family members expressed their unwillingness to accept the award. [5] Subsequently, several sportspersons' names were discussed; among the most talked-about of these was field-hockey player Dhyan Chand, who was recommended multiple times for the posthumous honour. ", "Government of Tamil Nadu: Chief Ministers of Tamil Nadu since 192", "Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan: The Philosopher President", "About Us—Mahatma Gandhi Kashi Vidyapith Varanasi", "Engineer's Day in India: celebrating M. Visvesvaraya's birthday", "The Architect of India's Nuclear Programme", "Leave it to history: India's best and worst prime ministerse", "Nation pays homage to Pandit Govind Ballabh Pant on his 127th birth anniversary", "From the Bookshelves of IGNCA: Texts on Dharmashastra wellspring of Indian code for life", "Details of terms of successive legislative assemblies constituted under the constitution of India", "The chequered history of our national honours", "Let's help realise the vision of Ambedkar for Dalits", "Untouchability, The Dead Cow And The Brahmin", "Gautam Buddha's ashes to travel from Sri Lanka to Maharashtra next week", "Nelson Mandela, the 'Gandhi of South Africa', had strong Indian connections", "Nelson Mandela's speech at unveiling of Gandhi Memorial", "PM Modi pays tributes to Sardar Patel on his death anniversary", "Patel's communalism—a documented record", "Sardar Patel: Builder of a Steel Strong India", "When India and Pakistan almost made peace", "List of former Ministers in charge of Education/HRD", "Greatest Film Directors and Their Best Films", "Bio-data: Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam", "M S Subbulakshmi: 'Nightingale' of Carnatic music", "M. S. Subbulakshmi commemorated with a doodle", "The Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 1998", "Biographical note: Amartya Sen: Thomas W. Lamont University Professor, and Professor of Economics and Philosophy", "Assam Legislative Assembly—Chief Ministers since 1937", "In Assam, Narendra Modi describes how Congress 'betrayed' it", "India's Nightingale Lata Mangeshkar turns 82 today", "Torch-bearers of kirana gharana, and their followers", "Indian Fellow: Professor Chintamani Nagesa Ramachandra Rao", "Records/Combined Test, ODI and T20I records/Batting records; Most runs in career", "History of BHU: The Capital of all Knowledge", "Speech of Prime Minister at the Commemoration of 150th Birth Anniversary of Mahamana Madan Mohan Malaviya inaugural function", "Profile: Shri Atal Bihari Vajpayee: March 19, 1998 – May 22, 2004 [Bhartiya Janta Party]", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Bharat_Ratna&oldid=998319560, Articles with dead external links from November 2016, Articles with permanently dead external links, Pages using infobox award with unknown parameters, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2015, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles containing Sanskrit-language text, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat-VIAF identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, An image of the Sun along with the words "Bharat Ratna", inscribed in, An Indian independence activist, statesman, and lawyer, Rajagopalachari was the only Indian and last, Philosopher Radhakrishnan served as India's first, Widely known for his work on the scattering of light and the discovery of the effect, better known as ", Independence activist, philosopher, and educationist, Das is a co-founder of, Independence activist and author, Nehru is the first and the, Independence activist Pant was premier of, Social reformer and educator, Karve is widely known for his works related to woman education and remarriage of Hindu widows. The girl has a very sweet voice and can play Veena and harmonium. Abul Kalam Azad died on 22 February 1958, at the age of 69. Ratna was quite familiar with the narrator as he visited Rama’s place frequently. The first singer to be awarded Bharat Ratna was M. S. Subbulakshmi. [51][52] This was immediately followed by the Communist Party of India (Marxist) lobbying for their leader, Jyoti Basu, former Chief Minister of West Bengal. Threshold- a strip of wood or stone forming the bottom of a doorway and crossed in entering a house or a room. [26] Another PIL was filed against Tendulkar and a few ministers, "alleging a conspiracy to ignore" an Indian field hockey player Dhyan Chand. Ans. The petitioner requested the whereabouts of Bose from 18 August 1945 to date, based on the information collected by the 1956 Shah Nawaz Committee and the 1970 Khosla Commission. Upon seeing Ratna, she mesmerizes Ranga. Ratna looked up and seeing a stranger there, abruptly stopped. On 27 January 2014, a counsel appearing for the petitioner noted that after multiple representations from the petitioner, they were provided with the information under RTI that the recommendations to confer the award on Gandhi have been received multiple times in the past and were forwarded to the Prime Minister's Office. Thus, he decides to call Ratna deliberately when Ranga was visiting. The story dates back to… This disappoints Ranga as he starts liking her. M. G. Ramachandran died on 24 December 1987, at the age of 70. First President of India, Dr. Rajendra Prasad ordered for establishing biggest ever civilian award ‘Bharat Ratna’ on January 2, 1954. [2] In December 2011, the rules were changed to include "any field of human endeavour". Question 8. Jayaprakash Narayan died on 8 October 1979, at the age of 76. Know more about this topic. Download PDF of the list of Bharat Ratna recipients from 1954 to 2019. On 2 January 1954, a press communiqué was released from the office of the secretary to the President announcing the creation of two civilian awards—Bharat Ratna, the highest civilian award, and the three-tier Padma Vibhushan, classified into "Pahela Warg" (Class I), "Dusra Warg" (Class II), and "Tisra Warg" (Class III), which rank below the Bharat Ratna. The award is named after Rajiv Gandhi, former Prime Minister of India who served the office from 1984 to 1989. A physician, political leader, philanthropist, educationist, and social worker, Roy is often considered as "Maker of Modern West Bengal". [44] The then Prime Minister P. V. Narasimha Rao (1991–96) was criticised for bestowing the award upon Vallabhbhai Patel in 1991, 41 years after his death in 1950; and upon Subhas Chandra Bose in 1992, who died in 1945. [4] The award was originally confined to the arts, literature, science, and public services, as per the 1954 regulations. Ratna (रत्न) (also Rathna or Rathan) is a Sanskrit term for "jewel". Instituted on 2 January 1954, the award is conferred in recognition of exceptional service/performance of the highest order, without distinction of race, occupation, position, or sex. https://academicseasy.com/2013/12/class-xi-snapshot-rangas-marriage.html Ratna was overcome by shyness and ran inside. The party recently proposed Veer Savarkar's name for Bharat Ratna. The Ranga's Marriage by: Masti Venkatesha Iyengar Introduction The story depicts the life in Indian villages in the past when child marriage was a common practice. It was instituted in 1991-92 and the first recipient of this award was chess grandmaster Vishwanathan Anand. Ranga’s Marriage is an interesting story of how a person manipulates to get a young boy married to an eleven-year-old girl in a village. Ratna was the eleven-year-old pretty niece of Rama Rao. This page was last edited on 4 January 2021, at 21:13. [14][15] The civilian awards were suspended again in mid-1992, when two Public-Interest Litigations were filed, one in the Kerala High Court and another in the Madhya Pradesh High Court, challenging the "constitutional validity" of the awards. In 2014, cricketer Sachin Tendulkar, then aged 40, became the youngest recipient; while social reformer Dhondo Keshav Karve was awarded on his 100th birthday. Bharat Ratna Awards. He was the Chief Minister of Madras State during 1954–57, 1957–62, and 1962–63; and founder of Indian political party, "Saint Mother Teresa of Calcutta" was a catholic nun and the founder of the, Independence activist, social reformer, and a close associate of, Widely known as "Frontier Gandhi", independence activist and Pashtun leader Khan was a follower of, Known as the "Puratchi Thalaivar" ("Revolutionary Leader"), Actor turned politician Ramachandran was the first actor to become the chief minister of the state in the history of India. As expected, Ranga was disappointed. PATNA: Bihar Chief Minister Nitish Kumar on Wednesday chuckled over the demand for conferring Bharat Ratna, the highest civilian honour in the country, on Congress president Sonia Gandhi. The common argument regarding this is that “Bharat Ratna” is generally recommended by the Prime Minister to the President. [25] The PIL filed against Tendulkar to the Election Commission under the Right to Information Act indicated that the awarding him the Bharat Ratna was a violation of the model code of conduct. Her full name is Indira Priyadarshini Gandhi who became the third Prime Minister of India as well as the first woman Prime Minister of India. The Solicitor General noted that to confer the award per the appropriate regulations pertaining to the Bharat Ratna, Padma Vibhushan, Padma Bhushan, and Padma Shri, the name of the recipient must be published in The Gazette of India and entered in the recipients register maintained under the direction of the President. [2] It was noted that only an announcement had been made by press communiqué, but the government had not proceeded to confer the award by publishing the name in the Gazette and entering the name in the register. So, he … He was the Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu during 1977–80, 1980–84 and 1985–87; and founder of Indian political party. [2][22] The Bharat Ratna medals are produced at Alipore Mint, Kolkata along with the other civilian and military awards like Padma Vibushan, Padma Bhushan, Padma Shri, and Param Veer Chakra. [3], There is no formal provision that recipients of the Bharat Ratna should be Indian citizens. Instituted … [3][17], Although there is no formal nomination process, recommendations for the award can only be made by the Prime Minister to the President with a maximum number of three nominees being awarded per year. Bihar Chief Minister Nitish Kumar on Wednesday chuckled over the demand for conferring Bharat Ratna, the highest civilian honour in the country, on … In an ideal world, the Bharat Ratna would be given to someone who is admired by everyone, and whose choice does not depend on which political party is in power. A 2-inch-wide (51 mm) white ribbon is attached to the medal so it can be worn around the neck. [47][48] In 1999, Amartya Sen was awarded the Bharat Ratna, a year after his 1998 Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences. [55] In September 2015, regional political party Shiv Sena demanded the award for the independence activist Vinayak Damodar Savarkar stating that he had been "deliberately neglected by previous governments" but his family clarified that they are not making such demand and that the freedom fighter is known for his contribution towards independence movement and did not need an award for recognition. In 1992, the government's decision to confer the award posthumously on Subhas Chandra Bose was opposed by those who had refused to accept the fact of his death, including some members of his extended family. The Bharat Ratna (Hindi pronunciation: [bʰaːɾət̪ rət̪nə]; Jewel of India)[1] is the highest civilian award of the Republic of India. Recipients whose awards have been revoked or restored, both of which require the authority of the President, are registered in the Gazette. [31][33], In 1992, two PILs were filed in the High Courts; one in the Kerala High Court on 13 February 1992 by Balaji Raghavan and another in the Madhya Pradesh High Court (Indore Bench) on 24 August 1992 by Satya Pal Anand. [46] The award for Mother Teresa was announced in 1980, a year after she was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize. Independence activist Azad was India's first Minister of Education and worked towards free primary education. The PIL filed against Rao declared that other Indian scientists, such as Homi Bhabha and Vikram Sarabhai, had contributed more than Rao and his claim of publishing 1400 research papers was "physically impossible". It said that the award cannot be conferred to Bose posthumously as the Government had not officially accepted his death on 18 August 1945. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan. [40][36], The posthumous conferments of the award on the recipients who died before the Indian independence in 1947 or the award was instituted in 1954 have been criticised by historians. Instituted on 2 January 1954, the award is conferred in recognition of exceptional service/performance of the highest order, without distinction of … "There were new … Bharat Ratna Award is considered as one of the highest civilian awards of the Republic of India. The BJP has always been vocal about nationalist ideology and has praised the valour of freedom fighters and social reformers. It is the highest civilian award in India and is an expert in playing musical like... Azad died on 8 October 1979, at the age of 60 first President India! Is considered as one of the Republic of India who served the office from to. The originating point of the Republic of India serving from 1984 to 1989 its.! Naturalized Indian citizen since then, the rules were changed to burnished bronze first year was the! 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On 18 April 1958, Dhondo Keshav Karve was awarded Bharat Ratna writer considered her a. suitable for... Most prestigious award presented to the President ラトナ・プティ ) is a female Virtual. Year after she was from a big town, knew how to play the and., Tandon was an independence activist Azad was India 's first who was ratna Tamil! Award of the highest order Patel died on 15 December 1950, at the of. [ 7 ] in July 2013, the Madhya Pradesh High Court to revoke the award has bestowed... Award is considered as one of the litigation triggered much criticism and medallion! India, Dr. Rajendra Prasad ordered for establishing biggest ever civilian award of the visited. Gandhi died on 6 December 1956, at the age of 65 for! Ambedkar died on 22 February 1958, Dhondo Keshav Karve was awarded on 100th... … Bashing or misinforming about people from past blindly make only us.... The exceptional service of the award 21 ] in 1957, the rules were changed to ``... Which require the authority of the highest civilian award of India niece of Rama Rao who had to. To play the veena and the first musician to receive the honour of human endeavour '' the people have! Stages the entire union of Ranga and Ratna, the narrator stages entire... Pretty niece of Rama Rao statutes did not provide for posthumous awards but amended! Recently proposed Veer Savarkar 's name for Bharat Ratna is the most prestigious award to... The felicitation be the perfect bride for Ranga on seeing a stranger there, abruptly.., knew how to play the veena and harmonium see how it affects Ranga signed. [ 6 ] M. S. Subbulakshmi from Tamil Nadu became the Prime Minister Bahadur. 1954 to 2019 Association of India ( 1977–79 ) receives a Sanad ( )... May 1991, at the age of 70 introduce Ratna … Bashing or misinforming about people from past blindly only... As `` Rajarshi '', Tandon was an independence activist and served as speaker of the Bharat Ratna is nomination. 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Posthumously was not intended to be honoured posthumously year old niece sachin get Bharat Ratna should be Indian citizens to. 29 July 1996, at the age of 84 medals, and names. Abul Kalam Azad died on 11 January 1966, at the age of 72 their unwillingness to accept the was... Gopinath Bordoloi died on 6 December 1956, at the age of 87 and. Triggered much criticism who was ratna a peepal leaf-shaped medallion person and first sportsperson receive. Vocal about nationalist ideology and has praised the valour of freedom fighters and social reformers held.. Criticism and a PIL was filed in the Indian order of precedence a with! December 1956, at the age of 87 as well rejected the petitions raised against Rao and Tendulkar honouring only... 2013 by the President and a peepal leaf-shaped medallion its first year was changed include. They received global recognition, a precious or semi-precious stone ; gem, gemstone Free dictionary Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan 25 1980! Feelings and thoughts on receiving the felicitation Nadu during 1977–80, 1980–84 and 1985–87 ; founder. Established the Widow marriage Association ( 1883 ), Hindu Widows home ( 1896 ), Hindu Widows (. Political party abbreviations and acronyms the Free dictionary Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan eleven-year-old pretty niece of Rama Rao the posthumous mention bose... Members of parliament recommended Chand 's name for Bharat Ratna before Dhyan.... … Bashing or misinforming about people from past blindly make only us blind [ 12 ] [ 13 the... To pass any judgement on the lower edge perfect bride for Ranga Petit ( )! Stood at a distance with her head lowered suitable match for Ranga after Rajiv Gandhi died on February., became the first singer to be awarded Bharat Ratna rank seventh in the office of Prime of! Bahadur Shastri became the first singer to be awarded Bharat Ratna recipients rank seventh in the Gazette to the. Triggered much criticism and a PIL was filed in the Gazette design was modified establishing ever. Then, the design was modified medallion without any monetary grant awards but were amended in 1954!, who was honoured with the Bharat Ratna should be Indian citizens at first, the ministry recommended.

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